The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central and western Africa. It borders Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. The country is called “Africa in miniature” for its geological and cultural diversity. Cameroon is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. On 1 January 1961, French Cameroon gained independence from France under President Ahmadou Ahidjo, and on 1 October 1960, the formerly-British Southern Cameroon's united with its neighbour to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. Cameroon's legal system is largely based on French civil law with common law influences. The educational system is a mixture of British and French precedents with most instruction in English or French. Cameroon has one of the highest school attendance rates in Africa. Cameroon is divided into 10 provinces, each headed by a residentially appointed governor.
Official Name - Republic of Cameroon
Nationality - Cameroonian
Chief City - Yaounde
Location - Central and Western Africa
Population - 17,795,000
Area - 475,442 km2 (53rd)
Official Languages - French, English
Government - Republic
Currency - Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Independence - 1st October 1961
O Cameroun berceau de nos ancêtres, Va
debout et jaloux de ta liberté,
Comme un soleil ton drapeau fier doit
être, Un symbole ardent de foi et d'unité.
CHORUS: Chère Patrie, Terre chérie,
Tu es notre seul et vrai bonheur, Notre
joie, notre vie,
En toi l'amour et le grand honneur.
Que tous tes enfants du Nord au Sud,
De l'Est à l'Ouest soient tout amour,
Te servir que ce soit le seul but,
Pour remplir leur devoir toujours.
CHORUS: Chère Patrie,
Terre chérie, Tu es notre seul et vrai
bonheur, Notre joie, notre vie, En toi
l'amour et le grand honneur.
O Cameroon, Thou Cradle of our Fathers, Holy
Shrine where in our midst they now repose, Their
tears and blood and sweat thy soil did water, On
thy hills and valleys once their tillage rose. Dear
Fatherland, thy worth no tongue can tell! How can
we ever pay thy due?
Thy welfare we will win in toil and love and peace,
Will be to thy name ever true!
Land of Promise, land of Glory! Thou, of life and
joy, our only store! Thine be honour, thine
devotion, And deep endearment, for evermore.
From Shari, from where the Mungo meanders
From along the banks of lowly Boumba Stream,
Muster thy sons in union close around thee,
Mighty as the Buea Mountain be their team;
Instil in them the love of gentle
ways, Regret for errors of the
Foster, for Mother Africa, a
loyalty That true shall remain to
Land of Promise, land of Glory!
Thou, of life and joy, our only
store! Thine be honour, thine
devotion, And deep endearment,
A women having colorful robes & nose ring
Rural Villages are home to about two-third of Cameroon's people.
English and French are the official languages. Cameroonian Pidgin English is the most common lingua franca, A mixture of English, French, and Pidgin called “Camfranglais”.
Portuguese explorers who arrived in the year 1400's, found huge schools of shrimplike animals, which they called camroes (shrimp) in the wouri River that portuguese word eventually led to the country's name Cameroon.
The coastal plain has hot & humid climate which is densely forested and is the wettest places on the earth. south cameroon has wet & dry seasons and its temperature ranges from 22oc to 25oc with high rainfall.
Cameroon's natural resources are better suited to agriculture and forestry than to industry. An estimated 70% of the population are farmers. Fishing employs some 5,000 people
The Homes of the Musgum, are made of earth and grass.
Each of Cameroon's ethnic groups has its own unique cultural forms. Music and dance are an integral part of Cameroonian ceremonies & festivals. Musical accompaniment may be as simple as clapping hands and stomping feet, but traditional instruments include bells worn by dancers, drums and, flutes.
A typical dish is based on cocoyams, maize, manioc, millet, plantains, potatoes, rice, or yams, often pounded into dough-like (cous-cous).
The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. Compared with other African countries, Cameroon enjoys political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries.
Trades in a street market, Fishing is a major industry in Cameroon, Baka Pygmies